Sans Serif Font Identification Aid/Guide

This Font Identification Aid/Guide is a tool to help narrow down the possible choices of Sans Serif type faces that meet certain stylistic characteristics. These typefaces are also called "Gothic", "Grotesque" (or Grotesk) or "Lineales" (or Lineals). I have emphasized Text (T) typefaces, but have also included many Handlettered (H) and Display (D) typefaces that are also sans serif faces. I will expand the number of faces covered as I have time, but the current set is over 800 type families and should prove useful. When you consider that each family could include various weights and condensed versions, this number of families might easily equate to 3,200 individual fonts or more.

I have recently updated this Aid to Guide status, with the addition of pictures of certain key letters. The seven letters (a, e, g, G, M, R, and y) used for the Style Codes, and several additional letters to help with identification. The standard sample will be "MRS Wilfy C Gadget Jr", so there will be 17 letters out of the possible 52. Numerals are not included. The reason for using this 17-character sample is to keep the loading times short by keeping the samples simple, while using helpful letters for identification. I will continue to add samples as I am able to make or obtain them. (Sample donors are welcome, but I am only asking for graphics images, not the fonts. See the list of WANTED fonts, that need samples for this Guide.)

My Special Thanks to 'elaine' and 'Per Etz', sample donors extraordinaire, who have provided many of the font samples in this Guide, as well as in the Script Font Guide. Also many thanks to Victor De Castro of Unifonts, 'Apostrophe' of The Lab, and Rod Cavazos of Psy/Ops who all donated many samples. Such generous help, from these people and others, has made these Guides much more complete than I could have done on my own.

I have focused on Text types, because I think these are the hardest to distinguish from each other. For the purposes of this tool "Text" means that letterforms are relatively conventional and not usually intended to attract attention (ignore letter weight, and just look at the shapes of letters). They can be used in long settings of text in a book or magazine and not seem difficult to read. In my definition "Display" typefaces are those with distortions to lettershapes that are intended to make the type distinctive and noticeable. Compresssed or very wide typefaces belong in this category only if they do not have a "normal" width. "Handlettered" (or Hand-printed) typefaces will look somewhat irregular, as if done by hand using a pen or brush. (Script types are not included - that's a separate Guide topic. See Script Font ID Guide.)

Sometimes you may notice that the same font will be shown with more than one code. This is done when I think the choice of character is not clear, so I choose both possibilities. This will make it easier for anyone to use the Aid, even if they don't quite see it the same as I do.

How to use this Font Identification Aid

You only need to have a sample with the following seven letters to use this Font Identification Aid: a, e, g, G, M, R and y.

There are two tables used to help characterize a typeface in this Identification Aid. The first uses pairs of the letters a & e and g & G to get the first Style Code. Decide which letterform combinations match most closely with the sample and note the corresponding Style Code number from the table. With the G, the key feature is the "chin" - I show five variations. There are only two variations you need to identify in the other three letters.

The second table uses the combinations of the letters a & R and M & y to give the second Style Code. You will note four variations in the R (the "leg" shape and position is key) and the M (the "crotch" position and "leg" angle are keys). There are only two variations to recognize in the letters a and y (whether their "tails" are straight or curved).

Using these two Style Codes, use Table 3 to look up the possible typefaces with these characteristics. [In order to shorten page loading times, Table 3 is in eleven Parts, determined by the 1st Style Code, which you will find in Table 1. Page 11 is for fonts that are unconventional, with no upper case, or no lower case, or a mix that omits some of the usual diagnostic letters for the style codes. In such cases the letters used for the codes will be shown, and the first applicable row/column values will be used (shown by color-coded squares). NOTE: Table 1 has links to the other pages where those Parts of Table 3 are displayed. Links for this page are inactive.] You will need a way to know what these typefaces look like when there is no graphic (yet) - that's why this is called an "Aid/Guide" - and then be able to identify the typeface based on the more subtle features of each typeface. (See the "Bauhaus-style" Font Identification Guide, for an example of a Bowfin Font ID Guide.)

How to find similar typefaces

If you know a font's name and want to see if there are other fonts with similar characteristics, possibly to use as substitutes, you can look up the font name in the Sans Alpha List, which is a tab-delimited text file arranged in alphabetical order of the font names, rather than in order of the Style Codes. This list is also useful if you suspect that a font may be the one you are trying to identify, but you don't know where to find it for comparison. Once you find out the Style Codes, then you can use the links in Table 1 on Page 1 to go to the page that has those Style Codes.

Free Font Identification Service - If you ever see a "mystery" typeface used somewhere that you would like identified, just send me a sample, or send me the URL of a website that uses the typeface, and I will try to tell you the name of the typeface and where you can buy it. e-mail me your font ID question

Table 1



All Lower Case

Table 1 Assumptions:
Assume e is angled type if bar is not completely straight.
Assume g is "2-bowl" type if tail is not simple curve.

Table 2



MR1 - MR4
MR9 - MR12
MR17 - MR20
MR25 - MR28
All Lower Case

Table 2 Assumptions:
NOTE: Treat single-level a the same as letter a with curved tail.
Assume tail of an a or y is straight, unless it is obvious that it is not.
Assume M legs are not angled, unless it is obvious that they are.
Assume straight-legged R is the first type, unless it is obviously the second type.
Assume curved-legged R is fourth type, unless flip at baseline is obvious.

Table 3 (Part 2 - 1st Style Codes 5 to 7)

Font name (Supplier) Font Class 1st Style Code 2nd Style Code Sample Notes
Comic Sans (MS) H 5 2
Printhouse (HI) H 5 2
Ruzicka Freehand (LL/AD) H 5 2
slight slant to letters; y has curved bowl, straight tail
Felt Tip Roman (AG) H 5 3
Mercurius (AG) H 5 6
Capone (PN/AG) D 5 7
See Bauhaus-style
Sassoon Infant (MT) T 5 7
y curved bowl; f curves below baseline; J has serif; curved l; some l.c. letters with tails
Sassoon Sans (MT) T 5 7
y curved bowl; f curves below baseline
Bauhaus (IT) D 5 26
See Bauhaus-style
Avant Garde Gothic (IT) T 6 1
Neuzeit BQ (BE) T 6 1
Serif on J
Neuzeit Grotesk T (URW) T 6 1
Serif on J
Sharktooth (MSi) D 6 1
Profile of lower case letters resembles sharktooth; counters of l.c. letters are teardrop shape.
Century Gothic (MT) T 6 2
Futura (AD) T 6 2
Litera (E+F) D 6 2
serif on J
Orbit (LL) D 6 2
one dot somewhere on 'path' of each letter
Renner Bold ArchiType (QS) D 6 2
multiple l.c. variants from Futura
Spartan Classified (AD) T 6 2
straight j; descenders barely below baseline; R ambiguous
Twentieth Century (MT) T 6 2
descenders barely below baseline
VAG Rounded (AD) T 6 2
Rounded strokes
Vega (SG) T 6 2
Akzidenz Grotesk Schoolbook (BE) T 6 3
Graphite (FB) H 6 3
Adamopolis (GF) D 6 5
squared with open counters
AdHoc (LL) H 6 6
Charon (LL) H 6 6
tear-shaped bowls on l.c. letters
Bernhard Fashion (AG) D 6 7
very low x-height; Upper case uses lower baseline
Fontoon (IT) H 6 7
ignores slight M splay
Hotelmoderne (TF) D 6 7
Xctasy Sans (RR) D 6 7
See Bauhaus-style Guide
Fontoon (IT) H 6 8
considers slight M splay
Flyer (E+F) T 6 9
Grotesk N Digi (E+F) T 6 9
serif on J
Spartan Classified (AD) T 6 10
straight j; descenders barely below baseline; R ambiguous
Hermes (FB) T 6 11
Camo Sans (T26/IDK) D 6 13
stencil style
Y2K-Neophyte (Koen) D 6 13
Broadband (ICG) D 6 15
e like c with line; Similar to Insignia Alt (AD); See Bauhaus-style
Insignia (AD) D 6 15
Slightly similar to Broadband, but with normal S and e
Insignia Alt (AD) D 6 15
Similar to Broadband, but e is normal
Banjoman (AG) D 6 24
See Bauhaus-style
Case150903-Saturn (AG/CAP) D 6 25
F, M, N, W, Y like l.c.; backwards tail on g; uneven strokes
Horatio (E+F) D 6 29
See Bauhaus-style
Puritas (LL) D 6 29
comes in three weights, each with an italic; dots are partial circles on 2 lightest weights; curved l; curved bowl on y; serif on J; M, N, U, W & Y like l.c.; uneven strokes give appearance of tilt to right
Raleigh Gothic [ATF] Alternate (PN/AG) D 6 29
squared; M, N, W & Y like lowercase; A rounded; S is curvy, not angular (see Regular version at D8-35)
Raincheck (TF) D 6 31
e like c with line
Placard (MT) T 6 32
very short descenders; condensed
Spidercave (Let) D 7 7
Letraset (UK); semiserif; rectangular counters; bold vertical strokes
Escript (LL) H 7 37
Tekton (AD) H 7 37
Hotelmoderne Calligraphic (TF) D 7 39
e like c with angled line
Jacoby (NX/AG) H 7 61
N like large n
Method (LL) D 7 61
G is ambiguous (see D 11-61); M & W like lower case; R leg does not touch bowl
Duhamel (UT) D 7 63
Some normally straight parts of letters are curved; comes in 3 weights with italics; condensed version has 2 weights and italics
Popowitz Sans (UT) D 7 63
Oblong shapes; comes in 3 weights with italics
Zetron Sans (UT) D 7 63
Squared; opposite corners pointed; has 3 weights and italics in both regular & condensed versions.
Zetron Sans Cond (UT) D 7 63 Squared; opposite corners pointed; has 3 weights and italics in both regular & condensed versions.
DGWT = "Designer's Guide to Web Type" by K. Ziegler, N. Greco


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Date of this page version: 12 Jan 2008

The Sans Serif Font Identification Aid/Guide is Copyright © 2008 by Michael Yanega.
The typeface names and designs are the property of their respective owners.