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Spice Use List

Introduction

This list is compiled from spices and other cooking ingredients that people have requested as labels for their spice jars.

In most cases I have tried to indicate some of the uses that I was able to find for the ingredients. You can use the search function to find spices/ingredients that might be used in a dish you are making. There is an X marking whether each spice/ingredient is in the Standard Spice List, or must be added by the customer.

I am not a trained cook, so I have used the internet and the labels on commercial spices to collect some of the suggested uses for these spices. I welcome your comments and additions to this list and the possible uses of these ingredients.

Corrections/Comments/
Suggestions
I have done my best to make the information in this List accurate, but if you find errors, or can provide missing information, please send me an e-mail. I welcome corrections, comments and suggestions.

Spices/Herbs Modifier
Standard List
Added Item
Some Typical Uses
Achiote Seeds (or Powder)  
x
(a.k.a. Achote, Annato) Used to add color and/or flavor to rice or polenta, for frying chicken or fish, and braising other meats for enchiladas.
Adobo Seasoning
x
[see Chiles, Adobo, below]
Ajwain    
x
Indian spice made from seed pods. Has strong thyme-like taste; used as digestive aid, added to dishes that are hard to digest; also an ingredient in berbere spice mixture used in Eritrea
Allspice (Ground)
x
spice cakes, puddings, cookies, gravies, bbq sauce, jerk dishes
Allspice Whole
x
poached fish stock, wild game, vegetable & fruit pickles
Amchur Powder
x
(dried unripe mango powder, Amchoor) curries, soups, chutneys, marinades & condiment; used on chicken or fish
Anise Seeds
x
cakes, breads, cookies, sausage, tomato sauce
Anise Star
x
tea, marinades, soups, baked goods (ground)
Arrowroot Powder
x
thickening agent in gravies, sauces and baking
Asafoetida Powder
x
(a.k.a. Hing, Asafetida) Indian dishes, vegetables, salad, curry, chutney, potatoes, rice, spinach, chicken, cabbage
Azafran    
x
Spanish name for Saffron (see below); Also dried Safflower, also known as 'False Saffron', or 'Mexican Saffron', used to impart color, but not a substitute for Saffron in taste.
Baharat Spice  
x
Middle eastern cooking, lamb, chicken, beef, fish
Balti Spice  
x
curries, meat, chicken, stews, rice, soup
Basil  
x
(a.k.a. Sweet Basil) Italian, French, Indian, Asian, and Greek dishes; sauces, tomatoes, vegetables, meat, fish
Bay Leaves  
x
soups and sauces
Beau Monde  
x
dips, salad dressings, Swiss steak, poultry & beef dishes, vegetables, fish and egg dishes
Berbere    
x
Ethiopian spice mixture; a key ingredient in cuisines of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Besan  
x
(a.k.a. Chana Flour or Chickpea Flour) used in Indian dishes
Bijol    
x
(a.k.a. Achiote or Annato)
Blackening Spice  
x
catfish, chicken wings, blackened dishes (steaks, chops, ribs, fish)
Cajun Spices  
x
catfish, chicken wings, blackened dishes (steaks, chops, ribs, fish)
Caraway Seeds  
x
sauerkraut, coleslaw, goulash, stews, cheese, rye bread, seed cake, pork roast, and fish & shrimp boil
Cardamom (Ground)
x
baking; curries; poached fish, meat loaf, stews, sweet potatoes
Cardamom Pods
x
soups, casseroles
Cardamom Seeds
x
store and grind as needed (see ground uses above)
Cayenne (Pepper)
(x)
(see listing under Pepper, below)
Celery Flakes
x
chicken or vegetable soup, stews, stocks, poultry stuffing; use half as much as fresh quantity
Celery Salt
x
pork roast, beef roast, vegetables, potato salad, tomato or vegetable juices
Celery Seeds
x
cole slaw, potato salad, pickling
Chaat Masala  
x
vegetables, fish, meat, fruit, curry, potatoes, chicken, salad
Chana Dal
x
(dried yellow lentils) popular in Indian cooking
Chana Masala
x
chick peas, vegetables, bread, curry, potatoes, stew
Chapatti Flour  
x
(mixture of wheat & barley flours) for making chapattis
Chervil  
x
similar to parsley with touch of anise; soups and salads; best added just before serving
Chiles Adobo
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Ancho
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Arbol
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles California Dried
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Chipotle
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Colorados
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Guajillo
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Jalapeño
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Mulatos
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Negros
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles New Mexico Dried
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Pasilla
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chiles Serrano
x
used to add heat and/or flavor to Mexican and other cuisines
Chili Molido  
x
a chili powder without any other ingredients; New Mexico Red is one variety.
Chili Powder
x
Chili con carne, beans, Mexican dishes (a.k.a. Chilli Powder in U.K.)
Chinese Five Spice  
x
rice, vegetables, pork, muffins, waffles, nut breads, stir fry
Chives  
x
eggs, fish, potatoes, salads, shellfish, sole, soups
Chocolate Powder
x
(a.k.a. Cocoa powder) baking, molé sauce, frosting, cocoa
Chocolate White, Powder
x
baking, frosting
Cilantro  
x
avocado, chicken, fish, ice cream, lamb, lentils, mayonnaise, peppers, pork, rice, salads, salsas, shellfish, tomatoes, yogurt
Cinnamon (Ground)
x
baking; also apples, berries, chicken, chocolate, coffee, custards, fruit, lamb, oranges, pears, rice
Cinnamon Stick
x
in drinks; grind to make cinnamon powder
Cloves Ground
x
baking; also apples, beets, pumpkin, tea, tomatoes, walnuts, wine
Cloves Whole
x
baked ham, lamb, other meats
Coriander (Ground)
x
desserts and sweet pastries as well as in curries, meat, and seafood dishes with South American, Indian, Mediterranean, and African origins
Coriander Seeds
x
[keeps longer than ground Coriander; see uses above]
Crab Boil  
x
Spice mix used for boiling crab, shrimp, crawfish; soups
Cream of Tartar  
x
used when beating egg whites
Cumin Black  
x
(a.k.a. Kala Jeera) Used in curry, meat, rice, pilaf, baking, bread, sauces, soups and stew
Cumin (Ground)
x
beans, chicken, couscous, curry, eggplant, fish, lamb, lentils, peas, pork, potatoes, rice, sausages, soups, stews, eggs
Cumin Seeds (Whole)
x
keeps longer - see uses above; Indian, Mexican, Asian, Northern African, Middle Eastern and Latin American cooking
Currants  
x
dried black seedless grapes; used in cakes & cookies
Curry Powder
x
meats, eggs, potato salad, dressings
Demerara  
x
(raw sugar in U.K. - light golden color)
Dhanajiru Powder
x
(a.k.a. Dhana Jeera powder) Indian dishes, vegetables, beans, curry, stew, sausage
Dhaniya    
x
(a.k.a. Coriander)
Dill Seed
x
beets, breads, cabbage, carrots, chicken, cucumbers, cream sauces, eggs, fish, pickles, potatoes, salmon, scallops, seafood, sour cream, tomatoes, veal
Dill Weed
x
beets, breads, cabbage, carrots, chicken, cucumbers, cream sauces, eggs, fish, pickles, potatoes, salmon, scallops, seafood, sour cream, tomatoes, veal
Dry Rub Beef
x
spice mixture for BBQ, ribs, roasting
Dry Rub Chicken
x
spice mixture for BBQ, roasting
Dry Rub Pork
x
spice mixture for BBQ, ribs, roasting
Elaichi  
x
(a.k.a. Cardamom)
Fennel (Seed)
x
fish, Italian sausage, meatballs, meatloaf
Fenugreek  
x
Middle Eastern, Indian, Greek & Turkish cooking, curries, chutneys
Filé    
x
Used in Cajun cooking for soups, stews, gumbo and as a thickener.
Fleur de Sel    
x
French sea salt; use instead of table salt
Galangal Powder
x
Southeast Asian cuisine; BBQ
Garam Masala  
x
Indian dishes; fish, cauliflower, lamb, pork, poultry, potatoes
Garlic Minced
x
stews, marinades, pasta sauce (use for slow cooking, or else re-hydrate first)
Garlic Powder
x
wide range of savory cooking
Garlic Salt
x
meats; garlic bread, veggies, pasta, and salads; popcorn
Ginger (Ground)
x
Asian dishes; cookies, gingerbread; savory sauces & marinades
Grains of Paradise    
x
a richly flavored alternative to common black pepper; used in okra and lentil soups, and in place of black pepper.
Haldi  
x
(a.k.a. Turmeric, or Kunyit)
Hawaij    
x
Spice mix from Yemen used in Israeli cuisine for soups, stews, coffee, curry-style dishes, rice, vegetable dishes, BBQ rub, desserts, cakes
Herbes de Provence  
x
beef or rabbit stew, roast lamb, chicken, pork, soups and stocks, vegetable dishes (especially eggplant or zucchini), tomatoes
Hing  
x
(a.k.a. Asafoetida)
Italian Blend  
x
pasta sauce; pizza; garlic bread
Jal-Jeera    
x
a powder consisting of cumin, ginger, black pepper, mint, salt and other usually fruit flavorings used to mix with lemonade to make the Jal-Jeera drink.
Jeera  
x
(a.k.a. Cumin)
Jerk Spice  
x
grilling; chops, ribs, chicken, shrimp kebabs
Jowar Flour  
x
(sorghum flour) used in Indian breads, and as gluten-free wheat substitute
Juniper Berries  
x
marinades for meat &game, stews, cabbage, pork, sauces, stuffing, sausages
Kaffir Lime Leaves
x
Thai, Indonesian, Cambodian cuisine
Kaffir Lime Powder
x
Thai dishes; bread, pasta, meatballs, eggs, fish, shrimp
Kalonji    
x
(see Onion Seeds)
Khara Masala  
x
Mixture of spices used with chicken and lamb Indian dishes
Lal Mirchi  
x
(red chili powder) - See Chili Powder
Lavender Flowers
x
salads, breads, use in place of Rosemary
Lemon Peel  
x
baking; vegetables, seafood, rice, marinades (use in place of lemon zest)
Lemon Pepper  
x
fish, chicken, eggs, sliced tomatoes, pork chops, veal, steaks, hamburgers
Lemongrass  
x
Used in Thai and Vietnamese cooking
Mace (Ground)
x
stuffing, soups, sauces, pound cake, Swedish meatballs, doughnuts, sweet potato pie, oyster stew, bbq sauces
Marjoram  
x
meat loaf, Polish sausage, stuffing, rice in stuffed peppers, soups, sauces, tomato dishes
Matcha    
x
powdered green tea, used in Japanese tea ceremony and to color and flavor soba noodles.
Methi    
x
(a.k.a. Fenugreek)
Mint  
x
tea, lamb, yoghurt sauces; Greek, Turkish and Middle eastern cooking
Moog dal  
x
used in Indian soups
Mrs. Dash  
x
flavored salt substitute - many varieties
Mustard Powder (Yellow)
x
dressings, sauces, bbq sauces
Mustard Seeds, Black
x
(a.k.a. Brown Mustard Seeds) Indian dishes; meat, fish, pickling
Mustard Seeds (Yellow)
x
(a.k.a. White Mustard) dressings, pickling, marinades, potato salad, Indian dishes, sauces
Nigella    
x
(see Onion Seeds)
Northwoods Seasoning  
x
fried or baked chicken or fish, green salads, egg & potato salads
Nutmeg (Ground)
x
desserts, sweet breads, pound cake, stew, cream soup, meatballs, sausages, eggnog
Nutmeg Whole
x
store and grind as needed (see ground uses above)
Onion Flakes
x
rehydrate to use in place of fresh onion
Onion Minced
x
gravies, soups, sauces, meat loaf, meatballs, hamburger, omelets, stews, chili, sour cream dip
Onion Powder
x
a simple way to add onion flavor to any dish
Onion Roasted
x
many of same uses as Minced onions above
Onion Salt
x
bread, bagels (with butter or cream cheese), vegetables
Onion Seeds  
x
(a.k.a. Nigella, Kalonji) used in Indian cooking for flatbreads (Naan), curry or stews.
Orange Peel  
x
breads, cookies, pies, cheesecake, marinades, rice (use in place of orange zest)
Oregano  
x
pizza, Italian dishes
Oregano Greek
x
Italian sauces
Oregano Mexican
x
Mexican dishes (stronger flavor than other varieties)
Pani Puri Masala  
x
Indian Gol Gappa, bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, vegetables
Paprika (Hungarian Sweet)
x
goulash, chicken paprikash, stuffed peppers, deviled eggs, potato salad, baked chicken or fish
Paprika Smoked Hot
x
soups, chorizo; add to garlic flavored mayonnaise for chicken or fish
Paprika Smoked Sweet
x
gratin potatoes, leafy greens, fish, chickpea stew, bean dishes
Parsley  
x
garnish, chicken, fish, potatoes, vegetables, pasta dishes
Pav Bhaji Masala    
x
spice mixture used in Indian vegetable curries
Pepper Black, Ground
x
seasoning any savory foods
Pepper Black, Whole
x
(a.k.a. Black Peppercorns); grind for seasoning foods
(Pepper) Cayenne
x
(a.k.a. Cayenne Pepper)
Pepper Jalapeño
x
pizza, tacos, spaghetti sauce, eggs, salsa, dips
Pepper Red, Crushed
x
pizza, pasta, Asian stir-fry, salads, sauces, casseroles, eggs, marinades
Pepper Red, Flakes
x
pizza, pasta, Asian stir-fry, salads, sauces, casseroles, eggs, marinades
Pepper White (Ground)
x
use in place of black pepper for milder flavor, no color
Peppercorns Black
x
(a.k.a. Whole Black Pepper) Grind to use for seasoning
Peppercorns Green
x
picked earlier than black peppercorns; often used in French cooking
Peppercorns Mixed
x
(a.k.a. Peppercorns Royale) colorful way to add pepper accent to dishes
Peppercorns Pink
x
fish, poultry, game, salads, eggs, seafood, white sauces
Peppercorns Sichuan
x
Chinese recipes
Peppercorns White
x
popular in Europe; grind for milder pepper flavor than black peppercorns; adds pepper flavor without color
Pickling Spice  
x
pickles; meats, stews, beans, rice dishes
Piment d'Espelette    
x
A mild French chili pepper used in Basque dishes, incl. Piperade, Bayonne ham. Often used like Paprika.
Pimento  
x
(a.k.a. Cherry Pepper) stuffing olives, pimento loaf meat, pimento cheese
Piri Piri  
x
(a.k.a. birdseye, or red devil) pepper used for adding heat to dishes
Poppy Seeds
x
bread, bagels, pastry filling, baking, lamb
Poultry Seasoning  
x
chicken, turkey and stuffing
Pumpkin (Pie) Spice  
x
pumpkin pie
Quatre Spice  
x
soups, stews and vegetables
Rajma Masala  
x
red kidney bean curry, vegetables, beans, burritos, stews, bread, sauces, soups
Ras El Hanout  
x
all-purpose seasoning; rice, meat, lamb, chicken, vegetables, grilling and couscous
Rasam Powder  
x
ground spice mixture used for Indian lentil soups
Rosemary  
x
lamb & other meats, chicken, tomato sauces, soups, stews, breads, potatoes; French, Spanish & Italian dishes
Saffron  
x
chicken soup, rice dishes, saffron bread, fish stew, holiday cakes
Sage  
x
stuffing, sausages, pork
Salt Kosher
x
general flavoring
Salt Muldon
x
a kind of sea salt - see below
Salt Sea
x
general flavoring
Salt Seasoning
x
(a.k.a. Seasoned Salt) chicken, pork, hamburgers, steaks, fish, potatoes, vegetables, salads
Sambar Powder  
x
used for popular Indian vegetable stew
Saté Seasoning  
x
Indonesian seasoning for meat grilling
Savory (Summer)
x
beans, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, corn, potato salad, grilled tomatoes, stuffings, ground lamb, meatloaf, chicken or beef soups
Savory Winter  
x
beans, stuffings, ground lamb, meatloaf, chicken, beef soups or thick stews.
Sazon    
x
Mexican/Spanish seasoned salt used to flavor meats, fish, poultry,soups and stews
Sesame Seeds, Black
x
encrusting fish & meats; rice, vegetables, stir-fry
Sesame Seeds (White)
x
bread, bagels, salads, stir-fry, slaws
Stevia  
x
herbal sweetener
Sugar Palm  
x
comes in light or dark varieties; unrefined alternative to cane sugar; more complex flavor
Sultanas  
x
(a.k.a. golden raisins in U.S.) Used especially in cakes and cookies
Sumac    
x
Lemony flavor used for fish, chicken, salad dressings
Summer Savory  
x
See Savory, above.
Taco Seasoning (Beef)
x
Tacos and other Mexican foods
Taco Seasoning Chicken
x
Flavorful, spicy blend for use with chicken
Tamarind    
x
tart spice used in Indian and Thai dishes, usually as a paste
Tandoori Masala  
x
Tandoori chicken, meat, sour cream, stir fry, vegetables, fish
Tarragon  
x
salad dressing, herb butter, sauces, seafood, chicken, veal, shrimp, tuna salad, green beans, asparagus, peas, carrots
Thyme  
x
herb breads, all meats, soups, stuffing, mushrooms, fried potatoes, carrots, eggs
Tikka Masala  
x
spice mixture for Chicken Tikka Masala dish
Toovar Dal  
x
(yellow lentils)(a.k.a. Toor Dal) used in Indian soups and stews
Turmeric  
x
(a.k.a. Tumeric, Haldi, Kunyit) Indian cooking, curry powders, cheese, sauces, butter, mustards
Urad Dal  
x
(black lentils) used in Indian cooking
Urfa Biber    
x
Dried Turkish peppers with complex flavor; used for savory and sweet dishes
Vadouvan    
x
A French-Indian curry blend used for chicken, seafood, vegetables and soups.
Vanilla Bean
x
Cakes, ice cream, pudding, cookies, fruit, dessert and custards
Vindaloo Blend  
x
used with pork and chicken dishes
Wasabi (Powder)  
x
(a.k.a. Japanese Horseradish); Wasabi peas, or peanuts; Asian cooking and sushi
Za'atar  
x
use as you use Thyme; breads, meats, vegetables

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Date of this page version: 14 July 2015

The Spice Use List is copyright © 2015 by Michael Yanega.